New £2 million incubation unit capable of providing 20 million eggs annually now online for SSF

Editorial Staff

A significant proportion of Scottish Sea Farms’ egg production will go through the green egg unit in the next egg season, which starts in Q3 2024.

SalMar-backed salmon producer Scottish Sea Farms has taken delivery of the first batch of ‘green’ eggs at its new £2 million incubation unit at Barcaldine Hatchery.

The eggs, which were fertilised on-site in a first for the company, are doing well so far, said Head of Freshwater Rory Conn. The incubation unit is designed to receive eggs immediately post-stripping, giving the company greater control in the earliest days of the production cycle.

Rows of zoug jars within egg room. Photo: SSF

“We trialled two, smaller test batches in Q4 2023 ahead of receiving our first full intake of around three million green eggs either side of Christmas. These were fertilised on arrival at the new unit. We conducted a series of assessments, from evaluating the success of the fertilisation process within the first 24 hours, to checking embryonic development around the 60-day stage, said Conn.

“Then, when the eggs reach the eyed ova stage, they will go through a further quality check to ensure only the viable ones are transferred to incubation trays in our hatcheries.”

The eggs stay in the incubation unit, which is adjacent to the main Barcaldine Hatchery, for six weeks to five months, depending on requirements, before being moved to one of Scottish Sea Farms’ three hatcheries: Barcaldine itself, Knock on the Isle of Mull, or Girlsta in Shetland. The new facility enables the eggs to be incubated for longer, at lower temperatures, during the most fragile stages of development.

“We have taken the temperature down to below 2°C which, research suggests, results in better outcomes for fish health later on, particularly cardiac health,” said Conn.

By incubating the eggs over a longer period, the company can meet its year-round demand for eyed ova, ensuring security of supply.

Scottish Sea Farms Head of Freshwater Rory Conn. Photo: SSF

“From this initial batch alone, we will be able to put close to 600,000 smolts into one of our marine farms at the required time – around late August next year. Without the green egg unit, it simply wouldn’t have been possible to produce smolts from Scottish sourced ova at this time of year.”

The bespoke unit benefits from the same purity of water and RAS (recirculating aquaculture system) technology as the company’s neighbouring Barcaldine Hatchery. Water is drawn from the nearby Gleann Dubh reservoir and filtered to remove anything over 0.1 microns, keeping bacteria and viruses out.

“We’re very confident of our water quality here at Barcaldine, which has been tried and tested over time,” said Conn.

While pre-fertilised eggs will still be supplied to Barcaldine, a significant proportion of Scottish Sea Farms’ egg production will go through the green egg unit in the next egg season, which starts in Q3 2024. The unit has a total capacity of seven million ova at any one time and, with an input of up to three batches a year, it could potentially hold 20 million eggs annually.

“The facility is delivering what we expected it to do with this first batch and I’m confident that we will be able to produce the number of eggs we need in order to meet our smolt requirements,” said Conn. “That in itself is an achievement in our first run in a brand new facility, doing something we’ve never done before.”


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